7 Reasons Why A Defensive Driving Course Will Help You

You have never had an accident since the first time you got behind the wheel of an automobile. You know you are a responsible driver. You are well aware of traffic rules and regulations and you are a proud owner of a clean driving record. You will think, “Why would I want to take a Defensive Driving Course?” Think back of the countless times where you were agitated by a driver who was swerving from one lane to another. https://hocbanglaixe.com.vn/khoa-hoc/hoc-lai-xe-oto-hang-c How about that time when you saw someone speed aggressively, someone using their mobile phone while driving and you were left thinking of how unsafe it was? Fact is, you may think and know that you are a very safe driver, question is, how do you protect yourself from drivers who are not?

Defensive Driving Courses aim to help you improve your driving skills as well as impart an enhanced awareness that even if you drive safely, it doesn’t spare you from being part of a collision statistic. Following are 7 reasons why a course of this nature will help you.

1. Defensive Driving Courses emphasize on significant driving safety points that you may not have been aware of as either beginner or as an experienced driver. It teaches crisis management that is very useful in preparing you for emergencies.

2. You will be taught how to come to grips with road rage as well as speeding drivers.

3. Discover the importance of being focused while driving and how a lack of focus can severely impact your driving ability.

4. Defensive Driving Courses will inculcate safe driving techniques in adverse conditions such as foul weather, wet roads, night driving and sharpen highway driving skills.

5. Avoidance is the key. Every single day that you get your car keys and start that engine, you are oblivious to the driving conditions that you will face for the day. You never know what kind of drivers you will be sharing the road with. You will never know what to expect. A Defensive Driving Course teaches you how to avoid being in an accident in tacky situations that you may encounter, things that you would never expect.

6. Complete a course and get a discount off your insurance. Who ever thought that something so beneficial can also be a cause of substantial saving!

7. Courses will help you understand the importance of having the correct driving attitude and behavior. These two key elements combined with enhanced driving techniques make better drivers that result in a safer environment for yourself and others.

A Defensive Driving Course does not teach you how to drive, it teaches you how to drive with full awareness, and that part of safe driving is reliant on the other drivers you share the road with.

Bio Fuel – The Fossil Fuel Alternative

Primarily derived from plants, bio fuels are fuels that are formed when biological matter decomposes. There are three forms or states of matter that they exist in: solid, liquid, and gas.

Comparisons between bio fuels and fossil fuels

  • Bios can be made in a matter of days, unlike fossil fuels which can take a million years to develop.
  • In terms of pollution, bio fuels are comparatively safer.
  • Unlike fossil fuels, bio’s are renewable sources of energy.

The four types of bio fuel

  • First generation: Derived from vegetable fats, starch, and sugar, examples of first generation bio fuels would be: Bio-gas, bio-diesel, and vegetable oil. First generation fuels are also derived from animal fats.
  • Second generation: Mostly derived from waste biomass, second generation bio fuels are a more balanced option compared to the first generation. Second generation fuels are made up of various kinds Fossil Fuels of alcohols and diesel generated from wood.
  • Third generation: Environmentally friendly, third generation bio fuels are derived from algae. The algae is farmed on a large scale specifically for creating these alternative fuels. Algae derived bio fuel can also easily decompose into the soil without harming it.
  • Fourth generation: are derived by a method in which micro-organisms are raised to work with carbon dioxide to generate fuel.

Pros And Cons


  • They provide us with an alternative to fossil fuel.
  • Environmentally friendly, bio fuels help reduce carbon emissions.
  • They can be cost effective for consumers.


  • The destruction of natural ecosystems – making bio fuels require acres of farming land, thus encroaching upon the natural habitat of plants and animals. Also, generating fuel from food crops makes crops unworthy for human consumption. Some people believe that food for human consumption should be of higher priority.
  • Making bio fuel requires acres of farming land, thus encroaching upon the natural habitat of plants and animals.
  • Bio fuels reduce emissions of carbon monoxide, but, the pollution produced by the production of bio fuels reduce the effectiveness.

Times are changing and so are our needs for finding cleaner burning, inexpensive, renewable, alternative fuel sources. A green planet is a healthy planet. Finding alternative fuel sources are our future.


Start a Home-Based CBD Oil Business

Over the past few years, the CBD market has been seeing a lot of customers. CBS is also called Cannabidiol Oil. Actually, this compound is extracted from cannabis. CBD has a number of medical benefits to offer. It is good for patients with epilepsy, arthritis, back pain, cancers, and AIDS, just to name a few.

This industry collects around $3 billion each year, which is great news for suppliers and marketers. If you want to start a home-based CBD business, you may want to follow the tips given below.

Identify your Target Audience

If you want to start and run your business successfully, we suggest that you identify our target market. The demand for this product is huge all over the world. Since the product offers restorative properties and pain reducing cbd capsules canada elements, cancer patients have a great demand for it.

So, your first move is to identify the type of diseases that you want to offer your product for. For instance, if you are over 60 years old and have arthritis, we suggest that you target your product at people who have the same condition.

Moreover, you can publish articles and blog posts that can help people with CBD Oil with the help of CBD Oil. Make sure the titles of each blog post or article is catchy. Aside from articles, you may consider publishing short podcasts and videos. Make sure you post valuable content. You don’t want to bore your readers with boring content.

Get Positive Reviews

Remember: if you want to know about one thing that can help you grow your business overnight, it’s positive customer reviews. If you want to raise your sales, you want to attract as many customers as possible with the help of testimonials, reviews, referrals, and a few marketing techniques.

If you use this oil yourself, you can share your own experience with your customers. There are a lot of customers looking for pure CBD oil sellers online.

What you need to do is work on customer satisfaction. Make sure you get as many good reviews on your website as you can. Your product sales depend on your positive reviews. It’s better to have a testimonial and review section on your site. You can invite your customers to leave reviews on this section.

Have a Solid Business Plan

Just like other home-based businesses, you need to make some investment in the beginning. Aside from this, you need to handle maintenance costs like branding, packaging, and shipping as well. You can get the money you need from a number of sources, such as your personal savings, small business loan or investors. All you need to do is get started and money will start pouring in. Therefore, we suggest that you have a solid investment plan in place. Next, you need to set a budget and get to work.

In short, if you want to start your own home-based CBD Oil business, you may want to follow the strategies explained in this article. With patience and hard work, you can achieve your goals.


Boost the Sales Funnel Using the Right CRM Solution

At the point when you are selling any assistance or any item, in the event that you think of a business channel, you can effectively help the change rates in your business. How does ‘deals pipe’ help to expand deals? All things considered, it reinforces the connection between your business and your potential clients. It is increasingly similar to a visual representation. In the event that you need to improve this pipe, you would need to ensure that your business procedures are straightforward, particularly the procedures in the business division. Highlights like programmed dialing alongside the CTI (Computer communication coordination) arrangements, which gives consistent combination the current CRM arrangements can provide food your business to support its adequacy, effectiveness just as business bits of knowledge.

#1 Effectiveness

Presence of a perfect deals pipe is just about a fantasy. Nonetheless, your business group needs to make the most out of the accessible assets and needs to ensure that they can utilize every chance to support the business change rates. With the assistance of a proficient CTI arrangement, you can make a call list as well as can easily organize it too. You can make this call clickfunnels reviews rundown dependent on the educational CRM information. This is a simple method to make a fragment and to target such contacts that can turn into your potential clients. How aggressive the present business market isn’t obscure to you! In this situation, setting your emphasis on the most worthwhile prospects would assist you with maximizing and to utilize the assets appropriately for the attractive and the most ideal business returns.

Practice makes things flawless! Indeed, in the business field, there is no exemption. For the most part, the CTI arrangements record every one of the calls, which experience the introduced programming. Presently, the advantage is that you can tune in to every one of the calls made or went to by the salespeople. This would assist you with understanding the escape clauses and to pinpoint the rooms, where you need enhancements. As indicated by this report, you can mastermind important preparing that can improve the viability of the business channel.

#2 Efficiency

Prior to beginning with this point, think about the circumstance what is the all out number of calls that the business group makes and gets. In addition, think how much time it needs to organize and deal with the errands, to prepare the agents, to move the potential leads through legitimate deals pipeline alongside overseeing other significant obligations. Not to overlook, consider the time your salesmen need to dial each telephone numbers.

As indicated by a factual report, 8% of the all out salesmen bring practically 80% of the absolute deals. Consequently, you need to ensure that your whole deals group is powerful enough to give their full endeavors. In this way, rather than sitting around idly on trifling things like dialing the telephone numbers, using that opportunity to do research is essential. CTI arrangements offer office of ‘click-to-call’ offering the agents more opportunity to focus on the examining potential prospects.

In addition, having such CTI arrangements, which gives consistent mix the current CRM arrangements can cook you by enabling you to get to the client information easily.

Don’ts for wearing perfume

Simple steps to follow when applying perfume:

    • The best time to apply your perfume is after you have bathed or showered. This is when your skin is cleanest and more likely to absorb the fragrance fully.
    • Make sure not to overdo it. Keep in mind that your fragrance should attract people, not send them running the other way. A little can go a long way, so if you are using perfume splash, place a little on your fingertips and gently apply it to your pulse areas. Those can be found on your wrists, neckline, chest, behind the earlobes, elbow area, and behind your inner thighs and knees. Those areas are all perfect since it’s where your blood runs close to the surface of the skin, allowing the scent to be diffused quickly.
    • If your perfume is in a spray bottle, you should still apply it to the same pulse areas, but be sure to spray the perfume from a foot or so away so as to get a fairly even distribution. Another tactic is to spray the perfume in the air a couple of times before “walking” through the fragrant cloud it creates.
    • Given that heat rises, the best way Perfume Singapore to apply your favorite perfume is from the bottom up. You’ll find that the scent will last for a much longer period during the day.
    • It’s common knowledge that people with dry skin aren’t able to retain scents for as long as those with oily skin. This is because the perfume oils join with the natural oils in the skin and slow down the evaporation process. If you have dry skin, then consider applying your perfume a couple of times per day or perhaps invest in a good moisturizer that you can apply before the perfume.
    • Give your perfume time to dry before putting on clothes. Dressing too quickly will mean that some of the perfume will end up on the fabric rather than absorbing into the skin. Keep in mind that it can take up to an hour for your perfume to really blend with your natural scent.
    • It’s important to pay attention to all of the other scented body products that you use (deodorant, shampoo, body wash, after shave balm etc.) as these can create a whole mess of smells. This creates a fragrance barrier that is almost impossible for your perfume to penetrate. The best way to make your perfume really stand out is to layer all of it, which basically means making sure that all of your other products have a similar scent or come from the same brand. For example, bathe with a shower gel, then seal that off with a body lotion or balm, and end your routine by applying your favorite perfume.
  • As strange as it may sound, pay attention to the weather when applying perfume. Scents tend to last for longer periods when it is hot outside, whereas colder weather has the opposite effect.

Don’ts for wearing perfume

If you follow the do’s as listed above then you should always smell great, but here are some DON’T’s that you need to look out for:

    • Apply your perfume before putting on clothes or jewelry. There are some fragrances that will stain and damage clothing, pearls, and precious metals. The idea is to perfume your body, not the garments you are wearing over it.
    • A common mistake made when applying perfume is rubbing the wrists together. Doing so can actually dramatically change the fragrance of the perfume.
  • We mentioned the pulse points earlier, but that doesn’t mean you have to perfume them all in one sitting. Madame Coco’s rule of thumb is that you should only apply perfume where you wish to be kissed. That is sound expert advice, as is making sure to adhere to the rule of 3 sprays of Eau de Parfum or 5 sprays of Eau de Toilette.

Make A Sales Funnel From Front to Back

The reason for setting up an autoresponder is triple, to build up an association with your new supporter so the individual turns out to be progressively familiar with you and your image, to get them prone to anticipate messages/content from you later on, lastly to sell. You can and should set up your autoresponder in the arrangement of conveying an answer for your endorser throughout that autoresponder.

The autoresponder can be set up like an instructional class, offering tips and deceives for conquering the issue while holding out on the total and genuine arrangement – your item. Along these lines, there is a solid blend clickfunnels reviews of free worth and selling. This torrent of offers pitches for your item will commonly work by the seventh email. On the off chance that it doesn’t, at that point you can go to the discretionary stage four.


On the off chance that your supporter still hasn’t obtained your item after your extensive 7-10 (suggested) autoresponder arrangement, at that point they likely won’t be convinced by simply one more email about it. This is the reason I prescribe that you send them a subsequent where you offer your item to them at a unique limited cost.


Hoorah! The deal has been made. Ideally your item is of high caliber so the majority of that selling will be justified, despite all the trouble and you won’t perceive any discounts. In case you’re following which email is connected to that buy, you can put them in your portioned organizer of existing clients as it’s important to have the option to separate clients who have made a buy from you versus endorsers who have not.


Your backend deals are the place you profit. This is a second, regularly higher layered item which you’ll offer to your clients who have obtained your first item in light of the fact that measurably somebody who has recently made a buy from you (existing clients) are considerably more prone to cause a to catch up buy from you later on.

Preferably you do have an applicable backend item which can piggyback on the accomplishment of the principal item and offer your client much more noteworthy worth, and in a perfect world you can begin elevating that to your client when they buy that first item (and still have their charge card out). I shrouded backend deals in full yesterday, so look at that.

There’s your business channel investigation; it can exist in an assortment of arrangements, however this is one which is viable at transforming site or informal organization traffic into clients and practically on 100% robotization at that.

In a perfect world you do have a significant backend item which can piggyback on the achievement of the primary item and offer your client much more noteworthy worth, and in a perfect world you can begin elevating that to your client when they buy that first item (and still have their Mastercard out). I secured how to make backend deals in full yesterday, so look at that.

There’s your business channel investigation; it can exist in an assortment of organizations, yet this is one which is compelling at transforming site or interpersonal organization traffic into clients and basically on 100% robotization at that.

ทำเงินได้จริงๆ ไปกับการแทงบอลออนไลน์

ถ้าคุณมีความพร้อม และอยากจะสร้างรายได้ กับการแทงบอลออนไลน์ที่ดีที่สุดและมีประสิทธิภาพมากที่สุดบอกได้เลยว่า สิ่งเหล่านี้นั้นเป็นอีกหนึ่งทางเลือก ที่พร้อมจะการันตีได้อย่างชัดเจนและตรงไปตรงมาเลยว่า เป็นทางเลือกที่พร้อมจะตอบโจทย์ ให้กับคุณได้ไม่มากก็น้อย และเป็นอีกหนึ่งตัวเลือกที่ค่อนข้าง ที่จะรองรับความต้องการ ให้กับคุณได้อย่างดีเยี่ยมที่สุด เท่าที่จะเป็นไปได้อีกด้วยและเรียกได้ว่าสิ่งเหล่านี้นั้น จะเป็นอีกหนึ่งสิ่งที่ดี สำหรับคุณและเป็นอีกหนึ่งตัวเลือก ที่พร้อมจะการันตีได้อย่างชัดเจนแล้วว่า จะไม่ทำให้คุณผิดหวังอย่างแน่นอน ในการสร้างรายได้ตรงจุดนี้ จึงเป็นอีกหนึ่งตัวเลือกหรืออีกหนึ่งตัวช่วยที่ดีให้กับคุณได้ ไม่มากก็น้อยเท่าที่จะเป็นไปได้อีกด้วย และเป็นอีกหนึ่งตัวเลือก ที่พร้อมจะเป็นสิ่งที่สร้างสีสัน ให้กับคุณได้อย่างลงตัวเลยก็ว่าได้ ดังนั้น จึงไม่แปลกใจเท่าไหร่นัก ที่ในปัจจุบันนี้นั้นถ้าคุณต้องการที่จะสร้างรายได้ กับการแทงบอลออนไลน์ ต้องเป็นที่นี่ที่เดียวเท่านั้นที่พร้อม จะการันตีได้อย่างชัดเจน และเป็นอีกหนึ่งสิ่งที่ค่อนข้างที่ จะการันตีได้อย่างดีเยี่ยมเลยทีเดียว

หากมีความพร้อม UFABET และต้องการที่จะสร้างรายได้ กับการแทงบอลออนไลน์เว็บไซต์ของเราก็เป็นอีกหนึ่งเว็บไซต์ทางเลือกที่ดี ให้กับคุณได้และเป็นอีกหนึ่งตัวช่วย ที่จะเป็นสีสันให้กับใครหลายๆคนได้ อย่างมั่นคงลงตัว และมีคุณภาพมากที่สุด และเป็นอีกหนึ่งสิ่งที่ดีให้กับ ใครหลายคนได้ไม่มากก็น้อย และเรียกว่าสิ่งเหล่านี้นั้นจะเป็นอีกหนึ่งทางเลือก ที่พร้อมจะตอบโจทย์ให้กับคุณได้ เป็นอย่างดีและเป็นอีกหนึ่งตัวช่วยที่พร้อมจะการันตีได้อย่างชัดเจนตรงไปตรงมา เลยว่าจะเป็นสิ่งที่ดีที่สุด ให้กับคุณได้อย่างมั่นคงลงตัว และมีคุณภาพและเป็นอีกหนึ่งช่องทางเลือก ที่จะการันตีให้กับคุณได้อย่างชัดเจนเลยทีเดียว ถ้าคุณมีความพร้อมหรือต้องการที่จะสร้างรายได้ ไปกับการแทงบอลออนไลน์ เว็บของเราก็ยินดีเป็นอย่างมาก ที่ให้บริการท่านอย่างเต็มกำลัง และความสามารถเท่าที่จะเป็นไปได้ อย่างแน่นอนและเป็นอีกหนึ่งทางเลือกที่ดี และเห็นผลได้อย่างชัดเจน

เพราะฉะนั้นแล้ว ถ้าอยากทำง่ายกับการแทงบอลออนไลน์ ที่ได้เงินจริงและมีคุณภาพจริงๆ อย่างนี้ก็จะเป็นอีกหนึ่งเว็บไซต์ที่ดี ให้กับใครหลายๆคนได้อย่างลงตัวเลยก็ว่าได้ และเป็นอีกหนึ่งทางเลือก ที่พร้อมจะการันตีให้กับคุณได้ อย่างชัดเจนที่สุดเท่าที่ จะเป็นไปได้อีกด้วย จึงทำให้ค่อนข้างที่จะเป็นตัวเลือกที่ดีสำหรับใครหลายๆคน และค่อนข้างที่จะเป็นอีกหนึ่งตัวช่วย ที่พร้อมจะตอบโจทย์ให้กับคุณได้ ไม่มากก็น้อยเท่าที่จะเป็นไปได้เลยทีเดียว ถ้าคุณมีความพร้อมที่จะสร้างรายได้ ตรงจุดนี้จึงทำให้เป็นอีกหนึ่งสิ่งที่ดี อย่างแน่นอน โดยเฉพาะการให้บริการของเรา

Convertifire Review – The Best Review & Huge Bonus

the evaluation

author stefan van der
product convertifire
launch date 14/12/2016
launch time 10:10 est
niche software
income web page
the front-give up charge 39$/ monthly – 199$/ yearly
refund 30 day no questions asked cash-again guarantee
endorsed one hundred% encouraged
ability stage wished all stages

what is convertifire? It’s miles a next generation conversion device that allows you to increase the earnings, which include revealing heatmaps & powerful behavioral recordings, remarks polls & surveys, conversion funnels and lots more. What are the wonderful features of convertifire? Heatmaps
recognize what visitors need, care approximately and do for your website online by way of seeing their clicks, taps and scrolling conduct – robust indicators motivation and desire. Behavioral recordings
get rid of guesswork by means of seeing your traveller’s clicks, faucets and mouse actions and identify problems they encounter. clickfunnels reviews Take returned manipulate. Conversion funnels
optimize your money maker. Optimize for improvement and trying out by using identifying at which step inside the funnel site visitors are losing off. Shape analysis
do you paperwork convert? Increase conversions and finishing touch rate on join up paperwork through discovering which fields are not acting. Comments polls
know the reasons behind your traveler’s conduct with polls that may be tied to precise person recording sessions. Have the ability visualize their complete enjoy. Comments surveys
get inner your tourist’s thoughts. Constructing responsive surveys to gather responses in real-time from and tool. Solutions represented in finger-licking graphs! Limitless users
invite your complete group at no added value. Specify user roles & rights with no trouble. Detects device
it really works properly on computer, cell & pill variations of your website online. Additionally detects browser size. Use on limitless sites
install & use convertifire on limitless websites and on limitless pages in keeping with business enterprise. Installation within 30 seconds
there is no headache because it’s miles very clean to put in. Replica & paste one unmarried line of code on for your web page. Block ips
simplest get reliable information through aside from tracking for your self, or your crew via blocking ips. Complete internet site saves
no iframe method that renders your statistics invalid after your first edits of your pages. Works on each web site
it includes platform evidence, hmtl, wordpress, clickfunnels, leadpages and shopify. Percentage findings
proportion heatmaps, recordings, survey & poll consequences with others without difficulty. Superior filtering
easily filter out information on operating machine, which browser they use, referral source and more! Why need to you purchase it? Convertifire is a good conversion tool and it has greater notable and superior features than others within the marketplace. And after using this device, i’ve some following opinions:

easy setup
smooth setup, works out of the box. No tech-headaches, pinky promise! Boom
convertifire’s tremendous features with assist your commercial enterprise to develop speedy and easy. Enjoy
with stefan’s 20-year enjoy, this device has been come shape the extensive know-how of boosting the conversion and income. Heroic support
the guide crew works 24/7 and they’re inclined to answer each your query. End
convertifire is a brilliant smooth-to-use and avant-garde feedback device that any marketer, content material author, and website developer will ever need. It’s miles actually a country of artwork compression technology, a whole specific manner to accumulate statistics for your internet site. In case you are longing for conversion rate optimization in advertising land, don’t leave out it out.

The Future Of Online Games

In the 1950’s, moviegoers experienced 3D just because, and it met with blended audits. For the most part, it was those glasses everyone appeared to abhor! In the years to come the idea of three dimensional motion pictures and after that TV was immensely improved so that by today it has turned into a standard for some watchers. While 3D illustrations utilized on PCs are fundamentally equivalent to those utilized for 2D there is a ton of lighting changes and other unpretentious modifications of impacts required to give the impression of the third measurement and this makes games you play considerably all the more energizing and graphically energizing to look as you play.

3D works since we have faith in what we see

Likewise with anything new in the realm of PCs and the web, we will in general acknowledge it and in truth take it on as simply one more improvement in our designs card or programming. As a matter of fact 3D rendered oceanofgames gaming is shocking and an immense improvement over customary kind activity. Game creators presently have a totally new domain to work with and when your warship or space ship appears to really be in the sea or profound space it can reform your gaming delight massively!

Gaming takes on an entirely different elements with reasonable foundations

Before the idea of 3D activity happened we scarcely saw the foundation in numerous games we played in light of the fact that it for the most part was obscured out and scarcely conspicuous. Today with 3D illustrations we can really observe the seas waves or shakes and working out of sight, including considerably increasingly fun and challenge to what we play. Take a stab at games like Crash Drive 3D or Burning Blades Hockey you can perceive what is out of sight just as what is in store, making your game play simpler and unquestionably all the more energizing! Also, the best piece of such a lot of gaming action is its vast majority is completely allowed to play! Shop around on the web and you can discover a great many games that are inventive and graphically energizing as well as trying to gamers too.

YOU can be that fighter in a Brothers-in-Arms 3D game that you’ll adore playing!

3D games acquire another measurement numerous approaches to gamers since they give significantly more to the general involvement with better illustrations and even stable is by all accounts heightened with the third measurement that is included, causing it to appear as though you really are in the driver’s seat of that race vehicle when playing Monster Truck 3D, 3D Rally Racing, or particularly when occupied with Need For Speed World. The majority of these exciting games can be played on an assortment of configurations so in the event that you want to play on your Android telephone you doubtlessly can or perhaps you have an iPad and play on it. A large portion of the games using 3D innovation are called 3D prepared and that implies you can just play without utilizing an extra fix or expansion. Watch for a lot of different alternatives yet to go along.

Team Building – A Process For Increasing Work

Too often team building is one of those vague, misused terms managers call into play as a panacea for sluggish work unit performance. The rise in the popularity and use of team building has paralleled the growing perception of work as the output of teams of workers rather than as compartmentalized tasks on an assembly line. Field Research Findings, such as the ones carried out by the American Productivity & Quality Center during their white-collar productivity improvement, multi-organizational field research efforts clearly demonstrate the importance of effective team structures to the overall performance effectiveness of the knowledge/service worker.

The building of a team requires a great deal more effort than simply recognizing the interdependence among workers and work units. It requires, instead, several carefully managed steps and is an ongoing cyclical process. The team building singapore team-building process presented in this article offers the members of a work group a way to observe and analyze behaviors and activities that hinder their effectiveness and to develop and implement courses of action that overcome recurring problems.

While the underlying purpose of team building is to develop a more effective work group, the specific purposes of the process will depend largely upon the assessment of information gathered during the initial data collection phase. Typically, team building will seek to resolve at least one of the following three issues:

1. A lack of clear goals and expected performance outcomes: Frequently, interview data from work group members reveal that their performance is generally directed by their individual (and often conflicting) performance goals. In that situation, the team-building model can be directed at establishing overall work group goals, which affect both individual and group effort and behavior, and, ultimately, the performance outcomes at both the individual, as well as the group level.

2. Interpersonal conflict and distrust: A lack of trust, supportiveness and communication not only slows down the day-to-day ability of a group to get work done, but also stands in the way of resolving the conflicts that naturally arise as the group makes decisions about its future efforts.

One way to overcome this is to focus on the work problems and improved interpersonal skills necessary for the team to work inter-dependently and more effectively to accomplish the task. In other words, the interpersonal data would be derived from the work context itself rather than from evaluations directed at individual personalities within the group. It is a concerted effort to uncover mutual needs and desired outcomes … a Win-Win approach.

3. A lack of clear roles and leadership: Obviously, duplications of effort result in sub-optimum levels of productivity. But when initial interviews with work unit members suggest confusion over roles, the issues that surface may go well beyond task-specific problems. They may raise questions about who is providing leadership to the group, who feels empowered to act, what sources of power are being wielded and what interpersonal and inter-group relations underlie the group’s effectiveness. When these issues arise, the team-building model uses group meetings to discuss and clarify members’ roles and responsibilities – both prescribed and discretionary

Who are the “players” in the team building process?

On the surface, a “team” suggests a group of interchangeable individuals of equal status. But in reality, most workplace teams have a supervisor or manager charged with leadership and accountability for the group’s performance. Consequently, the team leader plays an important and somewhat different role than do other members in a successful team building effort. Support from the leader is vital because if he or she does not recognize and accept the need for team building, it is unlikely that other members of the work team will be very receptive to the idea.